Every month, a women’s body prepares itself for pregnancy by freeing follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which causes eggs to get matured into individual follicles in her ovaries. Each of the follicles produces another hormone known as estrogen, which should reach a definite level for occurrence of ovulation . Usually 12-15 days after the cycle starts and once enough estrogen is produced, a mature egg, which is very small, bursts out of follicles. This release of egg is known as ovulation.
When do you ovulate?
That’s one question that all women ask, along with “how do you know when you are ovulating?” Before answering these questions, you need to consider some issues. How to know when you are ovulating is the first and foremost thing to know.
It is very important to know the basic facts about ovulation as women often confuse ovulation with their periods and conception. Since ovulation is related to the health and well-being of a woman, it is very important for you to understand your cycle. Moreover, the reason to know when you are ovulating may factor the type of information you might be looking for.
The question of “how to tell when you are ovulating” can be better answered after understanding some basic definitions which are given below:
- Ovulation: Ovulation takes place when a mature egg is released from the ovary. The egg is vulnerable and can be fertilized by sperm at this point of time, resulting in conception. Keep in mind that although there are many sperms trying to fertilize the egg, it is generally fertilized by just one of them.
- Menstrual Period: When an egg is released and it dies unfertilized, some hormonal changes takes place resulting in occurrence of menstrual period. Hormones activate the growth of eggs once in a month, which is released in middle of the period of menstrual cycle. This menstrual period happens when the uterus lining (containing blood) is shed for the next ovulation day. This is why the occurrence of period indicates that the woman is not pregnant.
How do you know when you ovulate?
Ovulation signs are not at all difficult to notice. The answer to the question, “How do you know when you’re ovulating” is discussed below:
1) Cervical Mucus Changes: Changes in cervical mucus occur in consistency and amount as ovulation approaches. It may be completely absent or can appear creamy or sticky when you are not ovulating. It grows more abundant as and when ovulation approaches. Cervical mucus stretches between your fingers up to an inch or even more.
2) Body Basal Temperature Changes: Throughout your cycle, your body basal temperature (BBT) keeps changes as fluctuations keep occurring in hormone levels. Your BBT will increase by a few degrees, and after ovulation, will stay elevated. You can detect this rise in temperature by charting your BBT.
3) Changes in Cervical Position: The cervix position is one of the most detectable sign of approaching ovulation. As ovulation approaches, the cervical position also undergoes changes similar to cervical mucus changes. Your cervix tends to be softer, higher, and more open when you are more fertile.
4) Breast Tenderness: Breast tenderness is the last confirmation sign for the occurrence of ovulation. Just after or before ovulation, breast tenderness is experienced by many women.
5) Positive Results on Ovulation Predictor Kit: Ovulation predictor test kit is another answer to the question, “when do you ovulate after period”. The ovulation predictor test kit requires you to dip a special paper into the urine collected in a cup or to urinate on a testing stick, once a day a week before you look forward to ovulate. This kit is very helpful in detecting ovulation after periods. By looking at the levels of LH (which is the last hormone to hit its peak before ovulation occurs), OPKs can point you date of ovulation.
6) Increased Sex Drive: Many, in fact most of the girls notice this. You start feeling a higher and stronger sexual desire during ovulation.
With the above tips, how to know when you ovulate can be easily answered.
The Ovulation Day
To conclude how to know when you’re ovulating, you have to count up 15 days back since the 1st day of your menstrual period. This is when your LH levels have increased. You can then assume that you ovulated 11/2 days (24-36 hours) later. This would be sometime on day 14 or 15 for a 28-days cycle.
Now to calculate approaching ovulation, you require to:
- Start counting from day 1 of the cycle
- Have reliable cycles which last for the same amount of days each and every month
- Understand that this is something which is not exact science – a lot of factors, like stress, disturbance of normal routines, or illness can hinder the hormone creation required for ovulation occurrence
- Realize that all women don’t ovulate at the same time in every month
- Women having short menstrual cycles don’t ovulate. Menstrual cycles lasting for 25-35 days are generally ovulatory